ISSN: 1306 - 0015 • E-ISSN: 1308 - 6278
Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
[Turk Pediatri Ars ]
Turk Pediatri Ars . 2020; 55(1): 24-40 | DOI: 10.14744/TurkPediatriArs.2020.17047

The child healthcare system in Cyprus

Elisavet Efstathiou1, Leda Theophilou2, Stelios Angeli3, Adamos Hadjipanayis4
1Department of Paediatrics, Larnaca General Hospital, Larnaca, Cyprus
2St George’s University of London, University of Nicosia
3Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus
4Department of Paediatrics, Larnaca General Hospital, Larnaca, Cyprus; European University Medical School, Nicosia, Cyprus

This article describes the child healthcare system in Cyprus up to June 2019. Before that Cyprus used to be the only country in the European Union without a universal National Health System. Up to 2019 child healthcare in Cyprus consisted of two separate sectors: the public and the private system. The public healthcare system is financed by the government, while in the private sector the patients pay themselves or are covered by private insurance. There is easy access to acute medical care in the emergency departments of five public hospitals across the country. However, primary care is not available free-of-charge to all children. Primary healthcare is delivered in the paediatric outpatient departments of various public and private hospitals and clinics, as well as by numerous paediatricians within private practices. Secondary care is provided mainly in the public sector and to a lesser extent in private clinics. Tertiary care is available only centrally in the capital of Cyprus, at a dedicated university-affiliated maternity and children’s public hospital with specialist paediatric services. Current major child health challenges in Cyprus include dealing with obesity, mental health, chronic illnesses, and vulnerable groups. However, the basic available health indicators for children show an improving trend over time. A national healthcare system was introduced at the end of 2017 and is expected to remove the inequalities and discrepancies that currently extend over the area of child health by tackling financial, quality, equity, efficiency, and effectiveness issues.

Keywords: Education, healthcare, hospitals, infant

Elisavet Efstathiou, Leda Theophilou, Stelios Angeli, Adamos Hadjipanayis. The child healthcare system in Cyprus. Turk Pediatri Ars . 2020; 55(1): 24-40

Sorumlu Yazar: Adamos Hadjipanayis, Cyprus
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