ISSN: 1306 - 0015 • E-ISSN: 1308 - 6278
Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
[Turk Pediatri Ars ]
Turk Pediatri Ars . 2020; 55(1): 41-56 | DOI: 10.14744/TurkPediatriArs.2020.13333

Child healthcare in Hungary

Szabo Laszlo1, Szöllösi Krecsak2, Talaber Julia3, Velkey Gy4, Altorjay Peter5, Pota Gy5, Valek Andrea6, Meszner Zsofia6
1Department of Family Care Methodology, Faculty of Health Science, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary; Heim Pál Children Hospital, Budapest, Hungary
2Department of Family Care Methodology, Faculty of Health Science, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary; School of Doctoral Studies, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
3Department of Family Care Methodology, Faculty of Health Science, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
4Hungarian Paediatric Association; Bethesda Children Hospital, Budapest, Hungary
5Association of Hungarian Primary Care Paediatricians
6National Institute of Child Health (OGYEI), National Institute for Health Development (NEFI), National Public Health and Medical Officer Services (ÁNTSZ) Budapest, Hungary

We describe the strengths and challenges of the child healthcare system in Hungary. The number of children has been steadily decreasing since 1982. The number of live births per thousand population has decreased from 12.1 to 9.3 between 1990 and 2015. In 2015, the infant mortality rate was 4.2 deaths per 1000 live births, the lowest ever recorded in Hungary. In 2012, 96% of infants were ever breastfed, following the guidelines, and 65% were exclusively breastfed. Vaccine coverage is over 99%. Primary care paediatricians provide primary healthcare for children under the age of 18 years. There is a special pediatric and a special preterm new-born transport system. The network of Neonatal Intensive Care Units within Hungary was set up in 1975, with the participation of 10 Neonatal Intensive Care Units. In 2015, there were 206,507 inpatient hospital admissions for children aged 0-18 years to acute hospitals. Acute pediatrics is mainly provided in pediatric departments in general hospitals with inpatient and outpatient care. After finishing medical university, there is a 5-year period of postgraduate pediatric training in certified hospitals and university pediatric departments. Hungary’s healthcare system is on the brink of disaster. Low salaries and poor working conditions force physicians to either go abroad or work at a private institutions. Hungary will face a major shortage of paediatricians within ten years. The average age of paediatricians in Hungary is 59, 46% of whom are age over 60 years. Several efforts are being made to solve this complex problem.

Keywords: Education, healthcare, Hungary

Szabo Laszlo, Szöllösi Krecsak, Talaber Julia, Velkey Gy, Altorjay Peter, Pota Gy, Valek Andrea, Meszner Zsofia. Child healthcare in Hungary. Turk Pediatri Ars . 2020; 55(1): 41-56

Sorumlu Yazar: Szabo Laszlo, Hungary
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