ISSN 1306-0015 | E-ISSN 1308-6278
Instructions for Authors




Turkish Archives of Pediatrics (Türk Pediatri Ars) is the official publication organ of Turkish Pediatrics Association. The journal is an international open access periodical and publishes in accordance with independent, unbiased, double blind peer review principles. Turkish Archives of Pediatrics is published 4 times a year on March, June, September and December and publishes a supplementary issue for Turkish Pediatrics Congress.


Turkish Archives of Pediatrics publishes original articles, case reports, review articles, editorial comments and letters to the editor prepared in fields of pediatrics.


Turkish Archives of Pediatrics’ publication languages are both Turkish and English. The journal’s archive is available online for researchers and readers at, free of charge.


Manuscripts can only be submitted through the journal’s online manuscript submission and evaluation system, available at Manuscripts submitted via any other medium will not be evaluated.


Manuscripts submitted from Turkey should be prepared in Turkish. If accepted for publication, these manuscripts will be translated into English by the journal.


Manuscripts submitted for evaluation should not be previously presented or published in an electronic or printed medium. Editorial board should be informed of manuscripts that have been submitted to another journal for evaluation and rejected for publication. Manuscripts that have been presented in a meeting should be submitted with detailed information on the organization including the name, date and location of the organization.


The authors transfer all copyrights of their manuscripts within the scope of local and international laws to the journal as of submission. For this porpose, a copyright transfer form should be signed by all contributing authors and a scanned version of the form should be submitted with the manuscript. The wet signed version of the form should be posted to the Editorial Office. The financial and legal responsibilities of a manuscript, including the text, tables, images and any other content that may be subject to international or local copyrights belong to the authors.


Authorship contribution form should be filled in the corresponding author and a signed and scanned version should be submitted during manuscript submission process in order to act appropriately to authorship rights and prevent ghost or honorary authorship.


Any financial grants or other support received for the study from individuals or institutions should be disclosed to the Editorial Board and to disclose potential conflicts of interest ICMJE Potential Conflict of Interest Disclosure From should be filled in and submitted.


The manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with ICMJE-Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (updated in December 2016 - Authors are required to prepare manuscripts in accordance with CONSORT guidelines for randomized research studies, STROBE guidelines for observational original research studies, STARD guidelines for studies on diagnostic accuracy, PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analysis, ARRIVE guidelines for experimental animal studies and TREND guidelines for non-randomized public behavior.


An approval of research protocols by Ethics Committee in accordance with international agreements (Helsinki Declaration of 1975, revised 2008, “Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals - catalog/5140.html/) is required for experimental, clinical and drug studies and some case reports. If required ethics committee reports or an equivalent official document may be requested from the authors. In manuscripts reporting the results of an experimental study, it should be stated within the main text that the patients were informed in detail about the treatment technique and that the patient’s consent was obtained. For studies carried out on animals, the measures taken to prevent pain and suffering of the animals should be stated clearly. Information on patient consent, name of the ethics committee and the ethics committee approval number should also be stated in the materials and methods section of the manuscript.


Pre-evaluation checks of each submission are carried out by the Editorial Board. Manuscripts are scanned for plagiarism and duplication at this stage. If an ethical problem detected regarding plagiarism and duplication the Editorial Board will act in accordance with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Manuscript that pass this stage are assigned to at least two double blind peer-reviewers. Reviewers are selected among independent experts who has published publications in the international literature on the submission subject and received considerable amount of citations. Research articles, systematic reviews and meta-analysis manuscripts are also reviewed by a biostatistician. By submitting a manuscript to the journal authors accept that editor may implement changes on their manuscripts as long as the main idea of the manuscript is not interfered with.


Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, the author list of the manuscript can’t be altered with.


Manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word software and should be structured in accordance with the rules below depending on their type.


Original Article: The abstract should be submitted in both English and Turkish; should be structured with Aim, Material and Methods, Results and Conclusions subheadings and should not be longer that 250 words. Key words should be concordant with National Library of Medicine (NLM) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary terms and there should be at least 3 and the number should be limited with 10. Key words should be listed below the abstract both in Turkish and English. The main text should be structured with Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Conclusion subheadings and should be limited to 3000 words. Reference list and tables should be located at the end of the main document, images should be submitted in .JPG and .TIFF formats. Number of cited references should be limited with 50.


Statistical analysis should be performed in accordance with guidelines on reporting statistics in medical journals (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93.). Describe software used for analysis. For parametric tests represent continuous variables as Mean±Standard Deviation, while for nonparametric tests represent data as Median and range (Minimum- Maximum) or Median and interquartile range (25th and 75th percentiles). Whenever complex analyses are used support the relative risk, odds or hazard ratios values by providing confidence intervals and p values.


Expert’s Opinion: These are the manuscripts that are prepared by experts in their area in order to comment on an article which is published in the journal’s current or previous issues. This type of manuscripts are solicited. An abstract or key words are not required for Expert’s Opinions however a table or/and a figure can be included in the submission. The main text should not be structured with subheadings and should not be longer than 1500 words. Number of references should be limited to 15.


Review: Review articles are solicited by the Editorial Board from authors who are experts in their field of study. The abstract should be submitted in both English and Turkish; should be unstructured and should not be longer that 250 words. Key words should be concordant with National Library of Medicine (NLM) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary terms and there should be at least 3 and the number should be limited with 10. Key words should be listed below the abstract both in Turkish and English. The main text should be structured with Introduction, Clinic, Research Effects and Conclusion subheadings and should be limited to 4000 words. Number of cited references should be limited with 50.


If a previously published image is used its original version (both printed and online) should be cited properly and the permission obtained from the copyright holder (publisher, journal or author) to reproduce the material should be submitted to the journal.


Case Reports: The journal allocates a limited space for case reports in each issue. Only case reports that make an original contribution to the literature, have an educative purpose, or offer a new method of treating rare clinical diseases which are difficult to diagnose and treat are considered for publication. The abstract should be unstructured and should not be longer than 150 words. Key words should be concordant with National Library of Medicine (NLM) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary terms and there should be at least 3 and the number should be limited with 10. The main text should be structured with Introduction, Case and Conclusion subheadings. References and tables should be presented in the main document and the images should be submitted through the submission system in .TIFF or .JPEG formats. The main text should not be longer than 1600 words and the number of references cited should be limited to 10.


Letters to the Editor: These type of manuscripts discuss the importance, an overlooked detail or a missing point of a previously published manuscript. In addition to these, letters to the editor can be prepared on a subject within the scope of the journal that may draw the readers’ attention, especially on educative cases. Readers can also submit their opinions on published material in letter to the editor format. An abstract or keywords are not required with this type of manuscripts. Letters to the editor can include a table and/or a figure. The main text should not be longer than 500 words and the number of references cited should be limited to 5. Proper citation of the study that the letter is about including the authors’ names, title, publication year, volume and page numbers is required.


Special Considerations


Submitted manuscript files should be blind in order to ensure a double blind review process. Information that may indicate an individual or institution should be excluded from the manuscript files.



All tables, figures, graphs and other visual media must be numbered in order of citation within the text and must not disclose the names of the patients, doctors or institutions. Tables must be prepared in a Microsoft Office Word document using “Insert Table” command and be placed at the end of the references section in the main document. Tables should not be submitted in JPEG, TIFF or other visual formats. In microscopic images, magnification and staining techniques must be specified in addition to figure captions. All images should be in high resolution with minimum 300 dpi. Lines in the graphs must be in adequate thickness. Therefore, loss of details would be minimal if reduction is needed during press. Width must be 9 cm or 18 cm. It would be more appropriate if the drawings are prepared by the professionals. Gray color should be avoided. Abbreviations used in tables must be defined in alphabetical order at the bottom of the tables. Roman numerals should be avoided while numbering the Tables and Figures, or while citing the tables in the text. Decimal points in the text, tables and figures should be separated by comma in Turkish sections and by dots in English sections. Particularly, tables should be explanatory for the text and should not duplicate the data given in the text. 3D graphs should be avoided. Double digit numbers should be stated in numerals while single digit numbers should be written out in text. However, if a single digit number indicates a value it should be stated in numerals.



Pharmaceuticals should be specified with their generic names, and medical products and devices should be identified with brand name and company name, city and country.



Abbreviations should not be used in titles nor at the beginning of sentences. All acronyms and abbreviations should be defined at first use both in the abstract and the main text, the abbreviation should be stated in parenthesis following the definition.



References should be numbered in the order they are cited. Only published data or manuscripts accepted for publication and recent data should be included. Citing publications that are published in the last 10 years will help manuscripts in a positive way during the evaluation process. Inaccessible data sources and those not indexed in any database should be omitted. Titles of journals should be abbreviated in accordance with Index Medicus-NLM Style (Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 - [updated 2011 Sep 15; cited Year Month Day] ( All authors should be listed if an article has six or less authors; if an article has more than six authors, first six authors are listed and the rest is represented by “ve ark.” in Turkish articles and by “et al.” in English articles. Reference format and punctuation should be as in the following examples.


Journal: Muller C, Buttner HJ, Peterson J, Roskomun H. A randomized comparison of clopidogrel and aspirin versus ticlopidine and aspirin after placement of coronary artery stents. Circulation 2000; 101: 590-3.


Book Section: Sherry S. Detection of thrombi. In: Strauss HE, Pitt B, James AE, editors. Cardiovascular Medicine.St Louis: Mosby; 1974.p.273-85.


Books with Single Author: Cohn PF. Silent myocardial ischemia and infarction. 3rd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker; 1993.


Editor(s) as author: Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.


Conference Proceedings: Bengisson S. Sothemin BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics. In: Lun KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Rienhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Medical Informatics; 1992 Sept 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North-Holland; 1992.p.1561-5.


Scientific or Technical Report: Smith P. Golladay K. Payment for durable medical equipment billed during skilled nursing facility stays. Final report. Dallas (TX) Dept. of Health and Human Services (US). Office of Evaluation and Inspections: 1994 Oct. Report No: HHSIGOE 169200860.


Thesis: Kaplan SI. Post-hospital home health care: the elderly access and utilization (dissertation). St. Louis (MO): Washington Univ. 1995.


Manuscripts accepted for publication, not published yet: Leshner AI. Molecular mechanisms of cocaine addiction. N Engl J Med In press 1997.


Epub ahead of print Articles: Aksu HU, Ertürk M, Gül M, Uslu N. Successful treatment of a patient with pulmonary embolism and biatrial thrombus. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 2012 Dec 26. doi: 10.5152/akd.2013.062. [Epub ahead of print]


Manuscripts published in electronic format: Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis (serial online) l995 Jan-Mar (cited 1996 June 5): 1(1): (24 screens). Available from: URL: http:/


The latest status of the submitted manuscripts and other information about the journal can be accessed at Furthermore, contact details of the Editorial Office and Publisher are provided below for correspondence with the journal in every respect.


Editor in Chief: Prof. Dr. Ayşe Güler EROĞLU

Address: İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı Cerrahpaşa, İstanbul

Phone/Fax: 0212 632 86 33




Publisher: AVES 

Address: Büyükdere Cad. 105/9 34394 Mecidiyeköy, Şişli, İstanbul

Phone: 0212 217 17 00

Fax: 0212 217 22 92



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AVES | Copyright © 2017 Turkish Pediatrics Association | Latest Update: 27.04.2017