ISSN 1306-0015 | E-ISSN 1308-6278
Case Report
Primary cavitary tuberculosis in an infant
1 Ankara Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Çocuk Kliniği, Ankara, Türkiye  
2 Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Çocuk Enfeksiyon Bilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye  
Turk Pediatri Ars 2018; 53: 189-192
DOI: 10.5152/TurkPediatriArs.2018.3908
Key Words: Infant, tuberculosis, cavitation

In infants, tuberculosis usually progresses as hilar lymphadenopathy and parenchyma changes in lungs; associating cavitary lesions are rare. A six-month-old infant was admitted to our hospital with fever. Physical examination revealed decreased breathe sounds in the right lung. Chest radiograph showed pneumonic infiltration in the right middle lobe. The patient was hospitalized with a diagnosis of lobar pneumonia and antibiotic treatment was started. On the sixth day, because no clinical improvement was observed in the patient, computerized thorax tomography was performed. Tomography revealed multiple lymphadenopathies in the right hilar pretracheal and subcarinal region. The patient’s tuberculin and acid-resistant bacteria tests were negative; however, the quantiferon test was positive. Family screening revealed active tuberculosis in the mother. Tuberculosis in infants may present with unusual clinical and radiologic findings, and primary cavitary tuberculosis can also be seen in this age group.

Cite this article as
: Yalaki Z, Tatar MA, Yıldız E, Zengin T, Çiftçi E, Dallar YB. Primary cavitary tuberculosis in an infant. Turk Pediatri Ars 2018; 53(3): 189-92.

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