ISSN 1306-0015 | E-ISSN 1308-6278
Original Article
Evaluation of patients with orbital infections
1 Istanbul University, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Immunology-Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Istanbul, Turkey  
2 Istanbul University, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Department of Ophthalmology, Istanbul, Turkey  
Turk Pediatri Ars 2017; 52: 221-225
DOI: 10.5152/TurkPediatriArs.2017.5511
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Key Words: Orbital selülit, preseptal selülit, sinüzit
Abstract

Aim: Orbital tissue infections are common infections of childhood that can lead to severe complications. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the etiologic factors, diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment procedures in pediatric patients with orbital infections.

 

Material and Methods: This study was performed retrospectively between January 2014 and December 2015 in Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit. Patients were studied for age, ophthalmologic examination features, laboratory and radiology results, treatment modalities, and the response to these treatments.

 

Results: Thirty-six patients (21 males, 15 females) with an average age of 71.43±42.24 months (5-168 months) participated in the study in the two-year period. Thirty-two patients (88.9%) had preseptal cellulitis, and four (11.9%) had orbital cellulitis. All patients had eyelid hyperemia, edema, and ocular pain, with chemosis in seven and proptosis in four cases. Twenty-five patients were admitted with fever. All cases were unilateral and 44.4% occurred secondary to paranasal sinusitis. All cases were treated with intravenous cefazolin-amikacin. The mean of duration of hospitalization was 12.02±8.75 days (range, 3-28 days) and the duration of parental antibiotics was 12.83±8.18 days (range, 7-21 days). All patients recovered without any vision loss, only one patient experienced subdural empyema complicating preseptal cellulitis.

 

 

Conclusions: Most orbital tissue infections occur secondary to paranasal sinusitis in childhood. Orbital tissue infections can be complicated by brain abscess, cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis, and vision loss. Early diagnosis and proper antibiotic treatment are essential to prevent these life-threatening complications. 

 

Cite this article as: Aygün D, Doğan C, Hepokur M, Arslan OŞ, Çokuğraş H, Camcıoğlu Y. Evaluation of patients with orbital infections. Turk Pediatri Ars 2017; 52: 221-5.

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