Year: 2010 Month: 6 Volume: 45 Issue 2
Original Article
Year: 2010
Month: 6
Valume: 45
Issue 2
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Prevalence of hepatitis B and C in first grade primary school children living in Sivas, Turkey - Original Article
Doi: 10.4274/tpa.45.132
Adnan Ayvaz;
Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Sivas, Türkiye
Naim Nur;
Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Halk Sağlığı Anabilim Dalı, Sivas, Türkiye
Aynur Engin;
Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Enfeksiyon Hastalıkları ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Sivas, Türkiye
Selma Çetinkaya;
Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Tıp Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı, Sivas, Türkiye
Mailing Address
Adnan Ayvaz;
Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Sivas, Türkiye
Abstract

Summary
Aim:
The aim of this study is to determine the portion of children vaccinated against HBV and immunized to HBV after vaccination program was started in Turkey, to detect infected children with HBV or carriers, and to show the prevalence of HCV in the children. 
Material and Method: The study is a cross-sectional research which was carried out to seven-year-old children from the 1st grades of primary schools in Sivas city center. Venous serum specimens obtained from the children were tested for anti-HBc Ig G and M, HBsAg, anti-HBs and anti-HCV by using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELİSA).
Results: Of 607 children, 301 (49.6%) were females and 306 (50.4%) were males. The numbers of the children who were anti-HBs (+) were 449 (73.9%), anti-HBs (-) were 158 (26.1%). It was found that the prevalences of HBsAg and HCV were 0.16%.
Conclusions: Since the prevalences of HBsAg and HCV were found lower in our study than the expected, we are in the opinion that with successful efforts in the health services, the spread of viral hepatitis in our country can be dropped to the levels of the countries which have low levels. (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 132-6)
Key words: Children, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, prevalence, vaccination

Full Text

Summary
Aim:
The aim of this study is to determine the portion of children vaccinated against HBV and immunized to HBV after vaccination program was started in Turkey, to detect infected children with HBV or carriers, and to show the prevalence of HCV in the children. 
Material and Method: The study is a cross-sectional research which was carried out to seven-year-old children from the 1st grades of primary schools in Sivas city center. Venous serum specimens obtained from the children were tested for anti-HBc Ig G and M, HBsAg, anti-HBs and anti-HCV by using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELİSA).
Results: Of 607 children, 301 (49.6%) were females and 306 (50.4%) were males. The numbers of the children who were anti-HBs (+) were 449 (73.9%), anti-HBs (-) were 158 (26.1%). It was found that the prevalences of HBsAg and HCV were 0.16%.
Conclusions: Since the prevalences of HBsAg and HCV were found lower in our study than the expected, we are in the opinion that with successful efforts in the health services, the spread of viral hepatitis in our country can be dropped to the levels of the countries which have low levels. (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 132-6)
Key words: Children, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, prevalence, vaccination

 


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