Year: 2010 Month: 6 Volume: 45 Issue 2
Original Article
Year: 2010
Month: 6
Valume: 45
Issue 2
Viewed 348 times
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Accepted
Differences in health and health behaviors between urban and rural school children aged 11-13 years in Turkey: findings from the health behavior in school-aged children study 2006 - Original Article
Doi: 10.4274/tpa.45.96
Müjgan Alikaş;
İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Ethem Erginöz;
İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Halk Sağlığı Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Oya Ercan;
İstanbul Üniversitesi İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Ömer Uysal;
İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Biyoistatistik Bilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Barış Ekici;
İstanbul Üniversitesi İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Süheyla Ocak;
İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Gülşah Oktay;
İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
İlker Yücel;
İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Halk Sağlığı Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Deniz Kaymak Albayrak;
Boğaziçi Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi, İstanbul, Türkiye
Mailing Address
Müjgan Alikaş;
İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Abstract

Summary
Aim:
The aim of the study was to determine the differences between rural and urban adolescents’ health and health behaviors.
Material and Method: The data presented in this study were a part of the Turkish data  collected for the cross-sectional and international  “Health Behavior in School-aged Children 2005/2006 study” which aimed to evaluate adolescents’ health and health behavior around Europe and North  America. Data were collected from 3884 11 to 13 years of age  (1946 males, 1938 females) students who attended  180 classes of 82 primary schools in  23 cities. Statistical analyses were made by using chi square  test.
Results: Both female and male students who lived in rural areas were more likely to go to bed hungry more often, to feel dizzy more often, to eat  fruits less often, to brush teeth less often, to exercise less often and to use computers less often than their peers living in urban areas. Besides, in rural areas,  male students were more likely to be violent and female students were more likely to feel unhealthy, to be unsatisfied with their lives and to be injured more often than their urban peers. Both female and male students who lived in urban areas were more likely to eat or drink more energy dense and low nutritional value foods and drinks than their peers living in rural areas. Males who lived in urban areas were more likely to be on a diet, not to be satisfied with their body and to be obese than their peers living in rural areas. 
Conclusions: The results of this study showed that there are several health inequities between rural and urban female and male adolescents. These differences should be taken into account, when prepering adolescent health promotion programs, (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 96-104)
Key words: Adolescent, health, health behavior, rural urban differencest

 

Full Text

Summary
Aim:
The aim of the study was to determine the differences between rural and urban adolescents’ health and health behaviors.
Material and Method: The data presented in this study were a part of the Turkish data  collected for the cross-sectional and international  “Health Behavior in School-aged Children 2005/2006 study” which aimed to evaluate adolescents’ health and health behavior around Europe and North  America. Data were collected from 3884 11 to 13 years of age  (1946 males, 1938 females) students who attended  180 classes of 82 primary schools in  23 cities. Statistical analyses were made by using chi square  test.
Results: Both female and male students who lived in rural areas were more likely to go to bed hungry more often, to feel dizzy more often, to eat  fruits less often, to brush teeth less often, to exercise less often and to use computers less often than their peers living in urban areas. Besides, in rural areas,  male students were more likely to be violent and female students were more likely to feel unhealthy, to be unsatisfied with their lives and to be injured more often than their urban peers. Both female and male students who lived in urban areas were more likely to eat or drink more energy dense and low nutritional value foods and drinks than their peers living in rural areas. Males who lived in urban areas were more likely to be on a diet, not to be satisfied with their body and to be obese than their peers living in rural areas. 
Conclusions: The results of this study showed that there are several health inequities between rural and urban female and male adolescents. These differences should be taken into account, when prepering adolescent health promotion programs, (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 96-104)
Key words: Adolescent, health, health behavior, rural urban differencest

 


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