ISSN: 1306 - 0015 • E-ISSN: 1306 - 6278

Instructions for Authors

Instructions for Authors

The Turkish Archives of Pediatrics is the official publication organ of the Turkish Pediatric Association. The journal is an international open access periodical published in accordance with independent, unbiased, double blind peer review principles. The Turkish Archives of Pediatrics is published 4 times a year on March, June, September and December and publishes a supplementary issue for the Turkish Pediatrics Congress.

The Turkish Archives of Pediatrics publishes original articles, case reports, review articles, editorial comments and letters to the editor prepared in fields of pediatrics.

The publication languages of the Turkish Archives of Pediatrics are both Turkish and English. The journal’s archive is available online for researchers and readers at, free of charge.

Manuscripts can only be submitted through the journal’s online manuscript submission and evaluation system, available at Manuscripts submitted via any other medium will not be evaluated.

The Turkish version of our journal is published both in print and electronically. Its English version is published electronically. The articles sent for evaluation are being accepted in Turkish, in English or both in Turkish and in English. The articles sent in Turkish will be translated to English by the journal after being accepted for publication. The articles sent in English will be translated to Turkish by the journal after being accepted for publication.

Manuscripts submitted for evaluation should not be previously presented or published in an electronic or printed medium. The editorial board should be informed of manuscripts that have been submitted to another journal for evaluation and rejected for publication. Manuscripts that have been presented at a meeting should be submitted with detailed information on the organization including the name, date and location of the organization.

The authors transfer all copyrights of their manuscripts within the scope of local and international laws to the journal as of submission. For this porpose, a copyright transfer form should be signed by all contributing authors and a scanned version of the form should be submitted with the manuscript. The wet signed version of the form should be posted to the Editorial Office. The financial and legal responsibilities of a manuscript, including the text, tables, images and any other content that may be subject to international or local copyrights belong to the authors.

Authorship contribution form should be filled in by the corresponding author and a signed and scanned version should be submitted during manuscript submission process in order to act appropriately to authorship rights and prevent ghost or honorary authorship.

Any financial grants or other support received for the study from individuals or institutions should be disclosed to the Editorial Board and to disclose potential conflicts of interest ICMJE Potential Conflict of Interest Disclosure From should be filled in and submitted.

The manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with ICMJE-Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (updated in December 2016 - and presented in accordance with international guidelines. Authors are required to prepare manuscripts in accordance with CONSORT guidelines for randomized research studies, STROBE guidelines for observational original research studies, STARD guidelines for studies on diagnostic accuracy, PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analysis, ARRIVE guidelines for experimental animal studies and TREND guidelines for non-randomized public behavior.

An approval of research protocols by Ethics Committee in accordance with international agreements (Helsinki Declaration of 1975, revised 2008, “Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals - catalog/5140.html/) is required for experimental, clinical and drug studies and some case reports. The ethics committee approval report should be screened and loaded into the system. In manuscripts reporting the results of an experimental study, it should be stated within the main text that the patients were informed in detail about the treatment technique and that the patient’s consent was obtained. For studies carried out on animals, the measures taken to prevent pain and suffering of the animals should be stated clearly. Information on patient consent, name of the ethics committee and the ethics committee approval number should also be stated in the materials and methods section of the manuscript.

Pre-evaluation checks of each submission are carried out by the Editorial Board. Manuscripts are scanned for plagiarism and duplication at this stage. If an ethical problem is detected regarding plagiarism and duplication, the Editorial Board will act in accordance with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Manuscripts that pass this stage are assigned to at least two double blind peer-reviewers. Reviewers are selected among independent experts who have published publications in the international literature on the submission subject and received considerable amount of citations. Research articles, systematic reviews and meta-analysis manuscripts are also reviewed by a biostatistician. By submitting a manuscript to the journal, authors accept that the editor may implement changes on their manuscripts as long as the main idea of the manuscript is not interfered with.

Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, the author list of the manuscript can’t be altered.

Manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word software and should be structured in accordance with the rules below depending on their type.

Original Article: The abstract should be submitted in both English and Turkish; should be structured with Aim, Material and Methods, Results and Conclusions subheadings and should not be longer that 250 words. Key words should be concordant with National Library of Medicine (NLM) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary terms and there should be at least three terms and the number should be limited with 10. Key words should be listed below the abstract both in Turkish and English. The main text should be structured with Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Conclusion subheadings and should be limited to 3 000 words. Reference list and tables should be located at the end of the main document, images should be submitted in .JPG and .TIFF formats. Number of cited references should be limited with 50.

Statistical analysis should be performed in accordance with the guidelines on reporting statistics in medical journals (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93.). Presentation of the statistical analysis should be included under a separate title in the Material and Methods part and the software used for analysis should be defined. In comparison of continuous variables, the data should be expressed as Mean ± Standard Deviation when parametric tests are used and as Median and range (Minimum-Maximum) or Median and interquartile range (25th and 75th percentiles) when non-parametric tests are used. In advanced and complex analyses, relative risk (RR), odds ratio (OR) and hazard ratio (HR) should be supported with confidence interval (CI) and p values.

Expert’s Opinion: These are the manuscripts that are prepared by experts in their area in order to comment on an article which is published in the journal’s current or previous issues. These experts are selected and invited by the journal. An abstract or key words are not required for Expert’s Opinions. However, a table or/and a figure can be included in the submission. The main text should not be structured with subheadings and should not be longer than 1 500 words. The number of references should be limited to 15.

Review: Review articles are solicited by the Editorial Board from authors who are experts in their field of study. The abstract should be submitted in both English and Turkish; should be unstructured and should not be longer that 250 words. Key words should be concordant with the National Library of Medicine (NLM) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary terms and there should be at least 3 terms and the number should be limited with 10. Key words should be listed below the abstract both in Turkish and English. The main text should be structured with Introduction, Clinic, Research Effects and Conclusion subheadings and should be limited to 4 000 words. The number of cited references should be limited with 50.

If a previously published image is used, its original version (both printed and online) should be cited properly and the permission obtained from the copyright holder (publisher, journal or author) to reproduce the material should be submitted to the journal.

Case Reports: The journal allocates a limited space for case reports in each issue. Only case reports that make an original contribution to the literature, have an educative purpose, or offer a new method for treating rare clinical diseases which are difficult to diagnose and treat are considered for publication. The abstract should be unstructured and should not be longer than 150 words. The case should be described in the abstract rather than general information. The key words should be concordant with the National Library of Medicine (NLM) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary terms and there should be at least 3 terms and the number should be limited with 10. The main text should be structured with Introduction, Case and Conclusion subheadings. References and tables should be presented in the main document and the images should be submitted through the submission system in .TIFF or .JPEG formats. The main text should not be longer than 1 600 words and the number of references cited should be limited to 10.

Letters to the Editor: These type of manuscripts discuss the importance, an overlooked detail or a missing point of a previously published manuscript. In addition to these, letters to the editor can be prepared on a subject within the scope of the journal that may draw the readers’ attention, especially on educative cases. Readers can also submit their opinions on published material in “letter to the editor” format. An abstract or keywords are not required with this type of manuscripts. Letters to the editor can include a table and/or a figure. The main text should not be longer than 500 words and the number of references cited should be limited to 5. Proper citation of the study including the letter’s subject, the authors’ names, title, publication year, volume and page numbers is required.

Special Considerations

Submitted manuscript files should be blind in order to ensure a double blind review process. Information that may indicate an individual or institution should be excluded from the manuscript files.

The first letter should be capital and all the other letters should be small letters in the Turkish and English titles and short titles. If a sentence follows “:” in the title, the first letter should be capital. If no sentence follows, the first letter should be small letter. The sentence should not start with a number. In numbers with four or more digits, a space should be left between thousands (for example: 1 000 000). Double digits should be expressed as numbers in the text and digits should be expressed as lettering. However, digits should be written in numbers in expressions specifying values (for example: 1 cm). In the text and tables, percentage values should be expressed as two digits after comma and p values should be expressed as three digits after comma.

All tables, figures, graphs and other visual media must be numbered in order of citation within the text and must not disclose the names of the patients, doctors or institutions. Tables must be prepared in a Microsoft Office Word document using “Insert Table” command and be placed at the end of the references section in the main document. Tables should not be submitted in JPEG, TIFF or other visual formats. In microscopic images, magnification and staining techniques must be specified in addition to figure captions. All images should be in high resolution with minimum 300 dpi. Lines in the graphs must be in adequate thickness, so that loss of details is minimal, if reduction is needed during press. The table width must be 9 cm or 18 cm. It would be more appropriate if the drawings are prepared by professionals. Gray color should be avoided. Abbreviations used in tables must be defined in alphabetical order at the bottom of the tables. Letters should be consecutive and alphabetical in the tables’ footnotes. Upper symbol letters should be used in table footnotes. Roman numerals should be avoided while numbering the Tables and Figures, or while citing the tables in the text. Decimal points in the text, tables and figures should be separated by comma in Turkish sections and by dots in English sections. Particularly, tables should be explanatory for the text and should not duplicate the data given in the text. 3D graphs should be avoided. Double digit numbers should be stated in numerals, while single digit numbers should be written out in text. However, if a single digit number indicates a value it should be stated in numerals.

Pharmaceuticals should be specified with their generic names, and medical products and devices should be identified with brand name and company name, city and country.


Abbreviations should not be used in the abstract. All acronyms and abbreviations should be defined at first use in the main text. The abbreviation should be stated in parenthesis following the definition.


References should be numbered in the order they are cited. Only published data or manuscripts accepted for publication and recent data should be included. Citing publications that are published in the last 10 years will help manuscripts in a positive way during the evaluation process. Inaccessible data sources and those not indexed in any database should be omitted. Titles of journals should be abbreviated in accordance with the Index Medicus-NLM Style (Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 - [updated 2011 Sep 15; cited Year Month Day] ( All authors should be listed if an article has six or less authors; if an article has more than six authors, first six authors are listed and the rest is represented by “ve ark.” in Turkish articles and by “et al.” in English articles. Reference format and punctuation should be as shown in the following examples.

Journal: Muller C, Buttner HJ, Peterson J, Roskomun H. A randomized comparison of clopidogrel and aspirin versus ticlopidine and aspirin after placement of coronary artery stents. Circulation 2000; 101: 590-3.

Book Section: Sherry S. Detection of thrombi. In: Strauss HE, Pitt B, James AE, editors. Cardiovascular Medicine. St Louis: Mosby; 1974.p.273-85.

Books with Single Author: Cohn PF. Silent myocardial ischemia and infarction. 3rd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker; 1993.

Editor(s) as author: Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

Conference Proceedings: Bengisson S. Sothemin BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics. In: Lun KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Rienhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Medical Informatics; 1992 Sept 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North-Holland; 1992.p.1561-5..

Scientific or Technical Report: Smith P. Golladay K. Payment for durable medical equipment billed during skilled nursing facility stays. Final report. Dallas (TX) Dept. of Health and Human Services (US). Office of Evaluation and Inspections: 1994 Oct. Report No: HHSIGOE 169200860.

Thesis: Kaplan SI. Post-hospital home health care: the elderly access and utilization (dissertation). St. Louis (MO): Washington Univ. 1995.

Manuscripts accepted for publication, not published yet: Leshner AI. Molecular mechanisms of cocaine addiction. N Engl J Med In press 1997.

Epub ahead of print Articles: Aksu HU, Ertürk M, Gül M, Uslu N. Successful treatment of a patient with pulmonary embolism and biatrial thrombus. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 2012 Dec 26. doi: 10.5152/akd.2013.062. [Epub ahead of print]

Manuscripts published in electronic format: Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis (serial online) l995 Jan-Mar (cited 1996 June 5): 1(1): (24 screens). Available from: URL: http:/

The latest status of the submitted manuscripts and other information about the journal can be accessed at Furthermore, contact details of the Editorial Office and Publisher are provided below for correspondence with the journal in every respect.


Ayşe Güler Eroğlu
Address: İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Turkey
Phone: 0212 632 86 33
Fax: 0212 632 86 33


Kare Publishing
Address: Concord İstanbul, Dumlupınar Mah. Cihan Sk. No: 15 B Blok Da: 162, 34720 Kadıköy, İstanbul-Turkey
Phone: +90 216 550 61 11
Fax: +90 216 550 61 12
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